IOM Entrance Exam Syllabus

BIOLOGY

Group A (Botany)

1.  Introduction to biology

1.1      Scope of biology, fieldsof biology, life processes

1.2      Biomolecules (macromolecules& micromolecules)

1.3      Taxonomy

1.3.1   Two kingdom and five kingdoms system ofclassification

1.3.2   Binomial/trinomial nomenclature

1.4.     Structure, types and economicimportance of virus, bacteria and lichens

2.   Biodiversity

2.1      Structure and life cycleof Spirogyra, NostocMarchantiaDryopterisCycas and Pinus

2.2      Floral diversity of Nepal

2.3      Forest conservation

2.4      Types of forest of Nepal &their management

3.  Morphology

3.1      Distributation,habitat, habit, root, stem, leaf, flower, fruit and seeds of families  BrassicaceaeSolanaceaePapilionoidaeAsteraceae and Poaceae

3.2      Taxonomy and economicimportance of families given above

4.   Cytogenetics

4.1      Cytology

4.1.1   Introduction, structure and functions ofprokaryotic and eukarotic cells

4.1.2   Cell division - amitosis, mitosis andmeiosis

4.2      Genetics

4.2.1   Introduction, Mendelism,Genetic material ( DNA & RNA), Mutation

5.  Anatomy and physiology

5.1      Anatomy

5.1.1   Types of tissues (meristematic,permanent and special types of tissues)

5.1.2   Internal structure of dicot and monocot leaf, stem and root

5.2      Physiology

5.2.1   Water relation  osmois,diffusion, anscent of sap and transpiration

5.2.2   Photosynthesis - mechanism and factors

5.2.3   Respiration - anaerobic and aerobic

5.2.4   Hormones - physiological effects of auxinsgibberllincytokinin and abscisic acid

6.  Ecology

6.1      Introduction, ecosystem(pond & grassland)

6.2      Biogeochemical cycle -nitrogen and carbon

6.3      Ecological imbalance andits consequences - green house effects, acid rain , depletion ofozone layer

7.   Developmental biology

7.1      Reproduction -vegetative propogationsporogenesisgametogenesis

7.2      Pollination, fertilization

8.   Application of biology

8.1      Introduction tobiotechnology, tissue culture, concept of breeding techniques, disease resistantplants, biofertilizersperticides

8.2      Genetic engineering andits application

8.3      Fermentation technology -alcoholic, antibiotics, organic acids

Group (B) Zoology

1.  Biodiversity

1.1      Kingdom  Protista - general characters and classification ofPhylum - Protozoa upto classes with eamples

1.2      Paramecium caudatum  distributation,habitat, habit, structure and reproduction

1.3      Kingdom  Animalia - general characters and classification ofPhyla  PoriferaCnidariaPlatyhelminthesNemathelminthes AnnelidaArthropodaMolluscaEchinodermata andChordata upto clases with examples.

1.4      Faunal diversity of Nepal

2.  Anatomy and type study

2.1      Animal tissues -epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous, their structure, types, locationand function

2.2      Earthworm and forg  distrubutation,habitat, habit, external feature, digestive system, respiratory system,excretory system, circulatory system, nervous system, reproductive system andeconomic importance.

3.  Human/rabbit physiology

3.1      Digestive system -alimentary canal, associated glands and physiology of digestion

3.2      Respiratory system -lungs, mechanism of breathing, physiology of respiration

3.3      Escretory system- kidney, urine formation, osmoregulation and homoeostaisis

3. 4     Circulatory system - heart,working of heart, blood groups, blood prssure,arterial and venous system

3.5      Reproductive system - maleand female reproductive orgnas, associatedglands, menstrual cycle.

3.6      Nervous system - CNS(Brain and spinal cord), PNS and ANS

3.7      Endocrine system -pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pancreas

4.  Developmental biology

4.1      Gametogenesis -spermatogenesis, oogenesis

4.2      Fertilization, cleavage

4.3      Morulationblastulationgastrulation and neurulation

4.4      Coelom formation

4.5      Fate of three primarygerminal layers

5.   Originand evolution

5.1      Evolution - inorganic,organic

5.2      Inorganic evolution -origin of life, Oparin - Haldane's theory,Miller - Urey experiment

5.3      Organic evolution -evidences of organic evolution

5.4      Lamarckism, Darwinism,Neo-Darwinism

5.5      Human evolution

6.  Environmental relations

6.1      Environmental pollution -air and water, sources, effects and control measures

6.2      Migratory behavior offishes and birds

6.3      Adaptation in amimals - aquatic, terrestrial, aerial

6.4      Conservaton ofwild life, wild life reserves, national parks, natural resources

6.5      Protection of the earth -human responsibility

6.6      Human population growth -consequences of over population, control measures

7.  Diseases

7.1      Smoking, alcoholism, drugabuse - symptoms, impact on health and society, rehabilitation, control

7.2      Malaria, ascariaris, typhoid, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS - mode of trammission, symptoms, control

7.3      Cancer - types, symptoms,control

8.  Medical technology and economic zoology

8.1      Test tube baby

8.2      Amniocentesis

8.3      Tissue and organtransplantation - skin, cornea, kidney, blood transfusion

8.4      Animal breeding

8.5      Fish farming, poultryfarming

8.6      Antibiotics and vaccines

 

CHEMISTRY

Group (A) PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

1.  Language of Chemistry and Chemical Arithmetic

1.1      Language of Chemistry

1.1.1   Symbols and formulae - atom, molecules,elements and compounds

1.2      Chemical Arithmetic

1.2.1   Dalton's atomic theory and Laws of Stoichemistry: Postulates of Dalton's atomic theory, Law ofconservation of mass, Law of constant proportions, Law of multiple proportion,Law of reciprocal proportion, Law of gaseous volumes, Chemical calculationsbased on stoichiometry

1.3      Atomic Mass and MolecularMass:

1.3.1   Definition, Mole concept, Calculation

1.4      Empirical, MolecularFormula and Limiting Reactants:

1.4.1   Derivation of empirical and molecular formula,chemical calculations

1.5      Avogadro's Hypothesis andits applications:

1.5.1   Development, definition, application anddeduction

1.6.     Equivalent Masses:

1.6.1   Concept, Gram equivalent weight (GEW),relation and determination of equivalent mass

2.   Statesof Matter

2.1      Gaseous State

2.1.1   Boyle's law, Charles law, Dalton's law and Graham'slaw

2.2      Liquid State

2.2.1   Physical properties, Evaporation andcondensation

2.2.2   Surface tension, Viscosity, Solution andsolubility

2.3      Solid State:

2.3.1   Crystalline and amorphous solids, Water ofcrystallization

2.3.2   Efflorescence, Deliquesces, Hygroscopic,Seven types of crystal system, Simple cubic, face centered and body centered

3.   Atomicstructure and Electronic theory of valency

3.1      Discovery, concept, Rutherford's expt., Bohr'smodel

3.2      de-Broglie equation,Heisenberg's uncertainty principle,      Probability concept, Quantum numbers

3.3      Pauli's exclustion  principle, Hund's ruleof maximum multiplicity, Aufbau principleand Bohr Bury rule, Octet rule

4.  Periodic Classification of Elements

4.1      Mendeleev's periodic lawand periodic table, Anomalies

4.2      Modern periodic law andmodern periodic table, Advantage

5.  Oxidation and Reduction

5.1      Classical concept,Electronic interpretation, Oxidation number

5.2      Oxidising andreducing agent, Redox reaction

 

Group (B) INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

1.   Non-metals

1.1      Water, Ammonia,carbon, sulphur, Hydrogen sulphideSulphur dioxide, Sulphuric acid

1.2      Environmental Pollution -Air pollution, photochemical smog, Acid rain, water pollution, Green houseeffect

2.   Metaland Metallurgical Principles

2.1      Characteristics of metals,non-metals, metalloids, Minerals, ores and Metallurgical process

2.2      Calcinations, roasting,smelting

2.3.     Carbon reduction process, Thermite process, electrochemical reduction, Refiningof metals: poling, electro-refinement

2.4      Important minerals depositin Nepal

 

Group (C) ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

1.  Introduction to Organic Chemistry

1.1      Fundamental Principles,Nomenclature, Structure and Isomerism of Organic Compounds

1.2      Preliminary Idea ofReaction Mechanism

2.   Chemical Bonding and Shape of Molecules

2.1      Hybridization and Valence shellElectron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory  Valence shell Electron PairRepulsion (VSEPR) theory

2.2      Prediction of moleculargeometry (Shape of molecules) on the basis of VSEPR and hybridization.(BeF2,BF3, NH3, H2O, CH4, H2O, C2H2 C2H4 H2S)

3.  Volumetric Analysis

3.1      Different ways ofexpressing the concentration of solutions

3.2      Titration

3.3      Standard substances andsolutions (primary, secondary), Point (end, equivalence, neutral), indicators

4.   IonicEquilibrium

4.1      Ionization of water andweak electrolyte (Ostwald's dilution law), Degree of ionization and ionizationconstant

4.2      Acid base concept(Arrhenius, Bronsted Lowrry andLewis)

4.3.     Hydrolysis of salts, Solubilityproduct principle and its application, Common ion effects and its application

4.4.     Application of solubilityproduct principle in qualitative analysis, Buffer Solution

5.  Alcohols and Phenols

5.1      Alcohols

5.1.1   Introduction, classification,nomenclature, isomerism, types, preparation (Lab and industrial) and properties

5.2      Phenols

5.2.1   Introduction, Preparation, Properties,test and uses

6.   Aldehydes and Ketones

6.1      Aliphatic Aldehydes and Ketones

6.1.1   Introduction, structure, nomenclature,isomerism, preparation, properties, test and uses

6.2      Aromatic Aldehydes and Ketones

6.2.1   Preparation, properties, importantreactions

7.  Molecules of Life

7.1      definition, classification,structure, isomerism, properties, functions and significance of carbohydrates,Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic acids and Enzymes

8.  Chemistry in Service to Mankind

8.1      Polymer - definition,natural and synthetic polymers, homopolymers andco-polymers, preparation of some polymers, PVC, polyethene,polystyrene, Teflon, Nylon-66, Bakelite and their uses

8.2      Dyes and drugs -definition, natural and synthetic dyes, names and structure of some commondrug, drug addiction

8.3      Fertilizer - definition,chemical and organic fertilizers, nitrogen fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer,fertilizer as pollutant

8.4      Pesticides - insecticides,herbicides, weedicides and fungicides(examples and their uses).

 

PHYSICS

1.  Mechanics

1.1      General concept ofphysical quantities

1.2      Vector algebra

1.3      Laws of Motion,Application of Newton's laws

1.4      Work, Energy and Power

1.5      Projectile motion

1.6      Circular Motion, Motionround a banked track and in vertical circle

1.7      Newton's laws of gravitation, Variation ofg' with altitude and depth, Satellites, Gravitational potential energy, Escapevelocity, Black holes

1.8      Elasticity, Hooke's law,Young modulus, Bulk modulus, Elastic potential energy

1.9      Oscillatory motion, Simpleharmonic motions, Damped oscillation, Forced oscillation and resonance

1.10    General concept of surface tensionand viscosity

2.   Heatand Thermodynamics

2.1      Concept of heat andtemperature, Expansion of solid and liquid, Specific heat capacity, specificheat capacity of solid, Specific latent heat of fusion and its measurements

2.2      Thermal conductivity andits determination by Searle's method, Black body radiation, Stefan-Boltzmannlaw

2.3      Thermodynamic systems,First law of thermodynamics, Heat capacities of ideal gas at constant pressureand constant volume and relation between them, Isothermal and adiabaticprocesses for an ideal gas, Second law of thermodynamics

2.4      Hygrometry - Relative andabsolute humidity, phase diagram and triple point

3.   Wavesand Optics

3.1      Reflection &Refraction of light, Refractive index, Lateral shift, Minimum deviation throughprism, Relation between angle of prism, minimum deviation and refractive index,Lenses, Combination of thin lenses in contact

3.2      Dispersion, Dispersivepower, Achromatic lenses, Scattering of light, blue color of the sky

3.3      Optical instruments,Angular magnification, Compound microscope, Astronomical Telescope

3.4      Longitudinal andtransverse waves, Progressive and stationary waves, Velocity of sound inmedium, Laplace's correction, Stationary waves in closed and open pipes,Harmonics and overtones in closed and open organ pipes, Resonance tubeexperiment, Laws of transverse vibration of a stretched string

3.5      Characteristics of sound,Intensity, loudness, quality and pitch, Beats, Doppler's effect, Infrasonic andultrasonic waves

3.6      Physical optics, Wavetheory of light, Interference, Diffraction and Polarization, Coherent sources,Young's double slit experiment, Diffraction grating, Brewster's law

4.  Electricity and Magnetism

4.1      Coulomb's law - Force dueto point charges, Gauss law and its applications: Field of a charged sphere,Line charge; Potential due to a point charge, Electron volt, Capacitance ofa  capacitor, Parallel plate capacitor, Combination of capacitors

4.2      Electric Currents, Driftvelocity and its relation with current, Ohmic andNon-Ohmic resistance, Resistances in series andparallel, Electromotive force of a source, Internal resistance, Work and powerin electrical circuits, Kirchhoff's laws, Wheatstone Bridge circuit, MeterBridge, Potentiometer

4.3      Magnetic field lines andmagnetic flux, Force on moving charge, Force on conductor, Force and torque onrectangular coil, Ampere's law and its application to i)a long straight conductor ii) a straight solenoid, Faraday's laws ofelectromagnetic induction, Lenz's law

4.4      AC through resistor,capacitor and inductor, Series circuits containing combination of resistor,capacitor and inductor, Series resonance, Choke coil

5.   ModernPhysics

5.1      Electrons: Millikan's oildrop experiment, Cathode rays and their properties; Motion of electron beam inelectric and magnetic fields, Thomson's experiment to determine specific chargeof electrons

5.2      Quantum nature ofradiation, Einstein's photoelectric equation, Stopping potential

5.3      Intrinsic and extrinsicsemi-conductors, P-N Junction diode, Forward and reverse bias,Rectification, Zener diode

5.4      Bohr's theory of hydrogenatom, Spectral series, Excitation and ionization potentials, Energy level, deBroglie Theory, Duality, Uncertainly principle

5.5      Lasers - Properties anduses, X-rays: Production, properties and uses

5.6      Basic concepts of nucleus,Mass Defect and amu, Einstein's mass-energyrelation, Binding energy, Fission and fusion, Alpha-particles, Beta-particles,Gamma rays, Laws of radioactive disintegration, Half-life and decay constant,Health hazards and safety precautions

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